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J - Emotional Wellbeing

Emotional Wellbeing | Body Structure and Function VK Noonan, PhD, PT; SL Hitzig, PhD; S Orenczuk, PsyD; P Bain, MSW, RSW; C Bradbury, C. Psych; C Craven, MD; and the E-Scan Investigative Team Emotional wellbeing is a state of mind in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, is able to cope with the normal stresses of life, and can interact and contribute in the community. Enhanced emotional wellbeing can positively contribute to coping ability, self-esteem, productivity and longevity.1 For the purpose of the E-Scan, a broad perspective on emotional wellbeing has been maintained to highlight a continuum of emotional, social and physical functioning. On the extreme end of the continuum, depression and anxiety are clinical issues that commonly occur in reaction to significant life stressors. When individuals are dealing with a life-changing event, such as SCI, depression is not an inevitable outcome. However these individuals will often benefit from guidance and support, intended to improve their ability to cope and adjust to the changes in their lives. A model by Elliot and Rivera2 describes adjustment following SCI, and the determinants of psychological wellbeing and physical health. The model highlights how an individual’s psychological and physical health is influenced by their environment, personal factors (e.g., age, gender) and personality. These components occur in a dynamic and interconnected continuum. There are opportunities to intervene - through improved resource allocation, health policy change or technology advancement - to ensure that individuals living with SCI can maintain high levels of emotional wellbeing, which in turn contributes to improvements in their quality of life. Figure 1.0 Determinants of Psychological Welbeing and Physical Health . Reproduced from Elliot TR, Rivera P.2 © 2003 John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Reprinted with permision Enduring characteristics and individual differences Psychological wellbeing Phenomenological and appraisal processes Social and environmental characteristics Physical health Dynamic and Developmental Continuum EMOTIONAL WELLBEING | BODY STRUCTURE AND FNUCTION 99


J - Emotional Wellbeing
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